Mace powder has a distinct spicy-sweet taste and is used to add flavour to food, domestically and commercially. Spice producers are the only gainers, say experts. Turmeric production in Ampara district in eastern Sri Lanka. [citation needed] Rice is cultivated during Maha and Yala seasons.Tea is cultivated in the central highlands and is a major source of foreign exchange. “Now farmers around the country are growing turmeric because they are getting a good price. The following states are the major producers of cardamom in South India. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. Nutmeg and mace powder are primarily used for culinary purposes to flavour curries, confectioneries and bakery products as well as beverages including eggnog, tea and coffee. Indonesia is the world's top producer of nutmeg, making up about 50% of the world's production. Once the project was approved, we set up a turmeric development plan for 100 farmers in Gonagala,” Wijesinghe says. “After that, we continued to face the hardships of the war. Sri Lanka serves around 5% of the global demand for nutmeg, exporting mainly to India, UAE, the USA, Germany, and Pakistan. Cultivation Cardamom can be found in central hill country of Sri Lanka where elevation is 600M amsl. People have started growing turmeric in their home gardens for daily use.”. Sri Lanka was in the past self-sufficient in turmeric cultivation but along the years, its production fell, according to W.M.W. Mysore – Inflorescence is … It is an evergreen tree which grows in the up country in Sri Lanka. Wijesinghe says the variety grown in Gonagala contains a higher proportion of curcumin, the active ingredient of turmeric which is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. Turmeric is valued in every Sri Lankan kitchen for its subtle flavour, distinct yellow colour and powerful aroma. Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme. Also called true cinnamon, this is the crop that put Sri Lanka on the spice map. It is a spice obtained by making shavings … Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. Nutmeg and Mace are two separate spices derived from the fruit of tree Myristica fragrans of the family Myristicaceae. Researchers from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom… In 1505 AD, Portuguese came to Sri Lanka. No one cared about turmeric any more. History of Sri Lankan herbs and spices. The Sri Lanka navy busted several attempts to smuggle turmeric from south India. The main spices produced in Sri Lanka include True Cinnamon, Pepper, Cardamom, Cloves, Nutmeg and Mace and the country is the ninth most important exporter of spices in the world. Of all the spices used in Sri Lankan cuisine, the most famous one is Ceylon cinnamon. The initial shortages after the ban created a black market for turmeric as prices rocketed. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as […] At that time, they called us as Ceylon. The Banda Islands in Maluku Province, Indonesia, are the earliest known nutmeg cultivation areas in the world. The extent under cinnamon in Sri Lanka is 25,500ha. “We thought we wouldn’t be able to sell our harvest when the coronavirus came,” says Bandara, “but we received a better price this time. All rights reserved. The shiny seeds are covered by a red aril. Most farmers didn’t have the necessary capital and weren’t able to get a bank loan. A step by step guide for Cinnamon farming: Today, we learn the farming of Cinnamon in India, Cinnamon growing conditions, Cinnamon plant care, pruning of Cinnamon plants, training of Cinnamon plants and harvesting process of Cinnamon. “We aim to establish a turmeric federation in the country so that when we end our intervention, farmers can continue on their own,” Mapatuna says. It is a great source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium. Sri Lanka also has the potential for ginger, turmeric and vanilla cultivation and exports. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. “We were very impressed to hear from them. Cinnamon (Kurundu) Cinnamon refers to Cinnamomum Verum or ‘true cinnamon,’which is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka. Nutmeg and mace powder and essential oil have many uses in culinary, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, and perfumery industries. One of the Gonagala farmers. Even fake powder made an appearance – wheat flour mixed with yellow dye – says the programme director at Sapp, Dr Yasanatha Mapatuna. Weerakoon, Director General of the Department of Agriculture. “It also gives a strong colour to Gonagala turmeric, so only a very little turmeric powder is needed for cooking,” he says. Dayarathne Bandara, 54, is president of the Agriculture Productivity Co-op Society in Gonagala, a village about 350km from the capital Colombo. The main exporting country today is Guatemala, where cardamom cultivation was introduced less than a century ago and the crop is grown entirely for export. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. Nutmeg butter is produced by compressing the whole nut or carbon dioxide extraction and is a semisolid of yellow colour with many uses in the personal care and cosmetic industry. The flavour of mace is softer and fruitier than that of nutmeg and is used in delicately flavoured recipes. The export of spices For a turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a … In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. Some spices might change depending on the dish. But in 2018, nearly a decade after the end of the war, Bandara and other villagers wrote to the agriculture ministry’s Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme (Sapp), seeking support to replant the crop. In the markets, a kilogram of raw turmeric root used to sell for 80 rupees (30p), but with the import ban in place, demand rose. During ripening, the fruit’s colour changes to yellow, and the pericarp is split into two halves exposing the seeds. After the Portuguese, Dutch sailors came to Sri Lanka for spices. Others bought a bike or tuk-tuk [auto rickshaw] for them,” says Bandara “We were burdened by the war once, but now we are planning to make turmeric powder in the next harvest season and sell them in the market as Gonagala turmeric.”, Wild hing makes India’s heart sing as favourite spice is home-grown at last. Sri Lanka Green Cardamom annual Production is around 1,000 - 2,000 Metric Tons We are Trusted Exporter and Supplier of Quality Ceylon Cardamom in Sri Lanka. You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our Privacy Policy & Cookie Policy. For turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic. The essential oils and nutrients present in mace powder are responsible for its medicinal value. Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is 2788ha of which 80% of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by small and mid-scale farmers. The islands are also known as Spice Islands. 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