Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter! Commas after Introductory Elements Commas should be used after introductory words, expressions, phrases, or clauses. In English, you use commas to separate introductory elements from the rest of a sentence. When a sentence starts with a dependent clause. If a sentence is correct, write C. , Two or more introductory prepositional phrases should be followed by a comma. ). And if you use a sentence adverb to introduce a sentence, you will need to use a comma after the introductory word. Can you identify whether the introductory element, if any, is a clause, phrase, or word? Introductory clauses often begin with words like: after, although, because, before, if, since, until, and when. Let’s start in broad terms. 3. There are no strict rules about when to add a comma after an introductory phrase. Sentence adverbs are words that modify a full sentence, not just part of it. The following sentences are written without punctuation. If you omit these words, the sentence still means the same thing. If we flipped the sentences above so the main clauses came first, for instance, we wouldn’t use commas: Our friends had a picnic while we were playing tennis. However, you only usually need to use a comma when a dependent clause introduces a sentence. If you want to imply a distinct pause before the main sentence. These items include certain common expressions, unemphatic interjections, and direct addresses. The words “gate” and “gait” sound the same, but they have different meanings. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. Then underline the introductory phrase. Use a My wife, Roberta, is a successful accountant. He would not speak to anyone about the game for two years because his favorite team lost the Super Bowl. So you only need a comma when the dependent clause comes first! 2. Common starter words that indicate an Commas After Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses Rule: Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. Common introductory words include yes, no, well, oh, and okay. The third in a series of articles about when to use a comma with introductory adverbial elements. Introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the door. It's a simple-seeming rule, but as always, the permutations can be frustrating. When using a single adverb to frame a whole sentence. Example: After the party, we sat on the … If you want to imply a distinct pause before the main sentence. Trusted by thousands of leading institutions and businesses, Punctuation Tips: Commas After Introductory Phrases. Essentially, they prepare your readers for what the sentence is … When an introductory phrase is more than four words. Commas follow or surround introductory phrases, clauses, and elements to indicate to the reader that the main clause containing the sentence subject and the main verb of the sentence are yet to come (e.g., In the beginning, I did not know comma rules. Use commas after introductory words or phrases. Commas and Introductory Phrases Place a comma to divide the introductory word or phrase from the rest of the sentence. In the table below are common These elements can include introductory interjections, prepositional phrases, absolute phrases, adverbs, and transitional expressions. You can put a comma after many other phrases that introduce the first clause of the sentence. The first in a series of articles about when to use commas with introductory adverbial elements. Introductory Commas and Introductory Words or Phrases Commas are used to set off certain items that often begin a sentence and have no grammatical connection with the rest of the sentence. Read these examples twice, once with the introductory words and once without. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. Linking verbs are a key part of English. SUMMARY: An introductory adverbial element, is any adverbial word, phrase, or clause that appears at the beginning of a sentence, thus changing the normal … Put another way, introductory words that appear at the beginning of a sentence are set off from what follows by commas. Commas and Introductory Clauses or Phrases This Grammar.com article is about Commas and Introductory Clauses or Phrases — enjoy your reading! By “introductory phrase,” we mean any group of words used to frame or modify a sentence that isn’t a complete clause. You can use introductory phrases and words to frame or modify a sentence in your writing. Well I think we should ask for help. If you’re writing an essay, you may need to cite a film or documentary. You will also need want to add a comma after the introduction when a sentence begins with a dependent clause. Commas and Introductory Phrases In this cell, we hope that you will learn how to use a comma to separate an introductory phrase from the main Insert any necessary comma or commas (being careful not to insert commas where they aren't necessary). 1 COMMA TIP 1 Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the main clause that follows. First, the writer may not accurately predict what will be clear or confusing to the reader, so using the comma will reduce the potential for confusion. Main clauses will often have single words, phrases, or other clauses that introduce them. When you see a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, this signals an introductory phrase, and you know a comma is coming at the end of that subordinate phrase, as illustrated in these examples: Although they have stored a lot of food in their basement, I am not sure if they have enough for a zombie apocalypse. Find out how with David and Paige! Title: Commas and Introductory Phrases 1 Come on, well soon gallop through this. Lost your password? Answer : Commas after Introductions Exercise 2 Add introductory commas where they are needed in the following sentences. However, common guidelines for when to use a comma include: In the case of longer introductory phrases, the comma helps ensure the sentence reads smoothly. If it is a phrase Set off introductory elements with commas Introductory elements are clauses, phrases or words placed at the beginning of a sentence, prior to the main clause. Subordinating conjunctions are words that connect, but unlike coordinating conjunctions, which connect equal parts, subordinating conjunctions connect dependent clauses (incomplete thoughts) to … I always use the comma, for two reasons. Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox. When you are finished with each sentence (or, if you wish, wait until you've done them all), click on " Grammar's Version ," which will reveal how we would have punctuated the sentence. , four words means the same, but the comma can be frustrating when use. Need a comma is often used after an introductory element introductory phrases with fewer than 5 words need! Your reading if, since, until, and okay we can use introductory phrases use commas Introductions. Commas where they are needed in the following sentences, “ Roberta\ '' and “ gait ” the. Eating oranges improves life expectancy t hurt in the incident distinct pause before the main sentence clause comes!. 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