At the beginning of this chapter, the Lord instructed David to fill his horn with oil for this occasion (16:1). Wesley's Notes for 1 Samuel 16:1. Eli the priest led him. Password. Saul Fights the Philistines (1 Samuel 14:15-52) 12. “Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers“ (v. 13a). A. This brief narrative drama–beautiful in its use of irony, suspense, and reversal of expectations–plays upon the contrast between seeing and hearing. 1 Samuel 16:1 Lit. ), which the WEB has updated. t Fill your horn with oil, and go. The central drama in 1 Samuel 16 is a much-loved story. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” 9 Jesse then had Shammah pass by, but Samuel said, “Nor has the Lord chosen this one.” 10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11 So he asked Jesse, “Are these all the sons you have?” 2See Bruce Birch, “The First and Second Books of Samuel: Introduction, Commentary, and Reflections,” in The New Interpreter’s Bible: A Commentary in Twelve Volumes (Nashville: Abingdon, 1998), 2:1097-1100. 16 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? And the reason of this anticipation was the comfort of Samuel, and other good men, against their fears in case of Saul's death, and the assurance of David's title, which otherwise would have been doubtful. But Cartledge says that the Israelites would be dark-complected, and ruddy would most likely refer to a person of lighter complexion (Cartledge, 202; see also Baldwin, 122). Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. “Verses 16:1 – 31:13”: The third major division of Samuel recounts the steady demise of Saul and the selection and preparation of David for the kingship. In the ancient Near East, the shepherd was a symbol of the king. 1 Samuel 16 1-Samuel 16:8 But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart." if Saul hear it, he will kill me. 1Parts of this article appeared in my essay, “Preaching the David Story,” Word and World 25 (Fall 2003) 430-38. In the Bible, kings and other leaders — even God and Jesus — are often compared to shepherds (Numbers 27:17; 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 22;17; Psalm 23; Jeremiah 12:10; 23:1-4; Ezekiel 34:2; John 10:1-10). Jesse brought each of his first seven sons before Samuel to see which son would be anointed as king. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. In those days, it … Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). II (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998), Brueggemann, Walter, Interpretation Commentary: I and II Samuel (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1973), Cartledge, Tony W., Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: 1 & 2 Samuel (Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys, 2001), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, B (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1993), Evans, Mary J., New International Biblical Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2000), Gehrke, Ralph David, Concordia Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1968), Holbert, John C., in Van Harn, Roger (ed. I Samuel 15:16-35 Saul Pleads For Forgiveness. The problem is that Samuel is relying on his human sense of vision, which will not do for the work of God. I Samuel 17:1-11 Goliath Challenges The Israelites. When dealing with matters of God’s actions and will, human sight is an inadequate tool. “and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily on David from that day forward“ (v. 13b). 1 Samuel 16:4 = With apprehension. God’s guidance is usually not as discernable in the moment as it is in hindsight. Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom (1 Samuel 13:1-14) 10. The Lord has really been ministering to me about some things in 1 Samuel 12, 16 and 17. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. One of the primary messages of this story is that God is (yet again) providing for the welfare of the people. In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement from verse 7 that humans “look on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.” On one level, this was a theological lesson: God loves you … Samuel then set out and went to Ramah. “So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah“ (v. 13b). 8 Then Jesse called Abinadab and had him pass in front of Samuel. They seemed to come bearing only bad news. Full Name. At this point, the story transitions from Samuel to David. When the eldest son Eliab, who was tall and fair, passed before Samuel, the prophet thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is now before the Lord.” God’s response has echoed down through the ages: “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for the Lord does not see as mortals see: they look on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart” (v. 7). Fill your horn with oil, and come, I shall send you to Jesse, the Bethlehemite, for I have seen for Myself a king among his sons." And the cars, hamburgers, and light beer. 8. 1 Samuel 16:2 = No! But as 1 Sam 16:3 emphasizes, Samuel’s job was not so much to see as to listen: “you shall anoint for me the one whom I name to you.” As the above summary of the story indicates, the text uses this same verb “say/name” in each case when Eliab, Abinadab, Shammah, and David are presented. 1 And the Lord said to Samuel, "Until when are you mourning for Saul, when I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Of what would he not be guilty, who durst think to kill Samuel? Free Bible Study Tools. God likes working with seemingly inferior candidates, because people are more likely to understand their success as the result or the Lord’s power rather than the individual’s power (1 Corinthians 1:27-29). This story, with so much of the Old Testament, affirms that God’s “providence” operates beyond the spectrum in which our sight operates, but even so we remain within God’s view. Preaching on John 9:1-41 reminds me of the children’s book A Fish Out of Water. 1 Samuel 16:1-13; Psalm 51:10-14 Commentary by Beth L. Tanner Most people have fond memories of David from Sunday school: shepherd, singer of psalms, king, brave warrior. 8 (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1988), Bergin, Robert D., The New American Commentary: 1, 2 Samuel, Vol. It must have been a significant moment for David’s brothers to see the revered prophet anoint their brother. Priests were anointed (Exodus 40:13-15). In our age we tend to individualize so many of the messages of the Bible. SAMUEL SENT BY GOD TO BETHLEHEM. seen; 1 Samuel 16:5 Consecrate; 1 Samuel 16:7 rejected; 1 Samuel 16:7 LXX For God does not see as man sees; Tg. We may not sense what God is doing in our midst or how God is leading us. “Samuel said to Jesse, ‘Send and get him; for we will not sit down until he comes here'” (v. 11b). Having accomplished his mission, the old man, Samuel, returns home. But it’s really a story about how the enemy of the soul attacks the Body of Christ. This is the first mention of David’s name. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he And the LORD said, Take an heifer with … When David was brought forth, the Lord said, “Rise and anoint him; for this is the one.”. 13Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers: and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily on David from that day forward. (14-23) Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:1-5 (Read 1 Samuel 16:1-5) It appears that Saul was grown very wicked. I Samuel 16:14-23 David Anointed The New King. Q. Throughout this passage, it is clear that the Lord does the choosing — not Samuel. Professor of Old Testament and Alvin N. Rogness Chair in Scripture, Theology, and Ministry, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. His anointing set him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest, and king. I have chosen one of his sons to be king.” 2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? Oil— Which was used in the inauguration of kings. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2007), All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government, 1 Sam. 24 Saul said to Samuel, b “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the L ord and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. ) God tells Samuel to see which son would be anointed as (! We tend to individualize so many of the messages of this 1 samuel 16:1 commentary is Samuel. And his daughter-in-law Tamar David G. Garber Jr this passage, it is clear the... Which will not do for the brothers — and everyone present and Goliath Samuel 's coming at that?... 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