Now a sectional chart covers a good bit of airspace. There’s a whole section covering this in more depth dealing with radio communication. I know this can be intimidating for new or infrequent fliers. If it is blue, it is controlled. Being able to read sectional charts is one of the more essential skills that a drone pilot should have. The red rectangle below tells you the UNICOM frequency, which is 122.7. By developing this skill, a drone pilot gets to understand the nature of airspace hazards, topography, airport data, controlled airspace. Airspace & Chart Reading for Drone Pilots. This  type of hashed line does not indicate any type of airspace, but will always have something like this  at the middle to show manned pilots that there is a navigational aid there. But, each set of numbers and letters means something, and we’re going to review this information here. This airport has one hard-surfaced runway that is between 1,500 feet to 8,069 feet in length. On a VFR chart, airports are depicted primarily in two ways- Airports with control towers and Airports without control towers. 487 is the airport elevation and L88 means that the airport has lighting along its 8800ft runway. A very important piece of information for remote pilots is the obstruction symbols. 4 hours of videos specifically designed for drone pilots; Contains information for both Recreational and Commercial (Part 107) Drone Pilots; Detailed information to become an expert in identify airspace and reading charts Airports with runways greater than 8069ft are depicted in a small cross or backslash shape. This symbol is important because of the open dot within the circle. There are other variations on Class E airspace, but that is covered in more detail in the section on airspace classifications. The MEF is of more importance to drone pilots than aircraft pilots as drone pilots fly their drones Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) and have to mainly rely on the drone’s camera feedback and these sectional charts of that area. The red arrows in the picture above are pointing to some of the solid blue lines that indicate Class B airspace. While it is important to understand this for the Part 107 knowledge exam, enroute Class E airspace begins at 1,200 feet AGL and will usually not be an issue when flying a drone. However, class G is not represented on a sectional chart. ... QUIZ- Charts (Sectional and Terminal) How to Read Latitude and Longitude. The red rectangle below shows that the airport has an Automated Surface Observing System or ASOS, which can be accessed on frequency 121.125. This  indicates regular parachute activity, which is certainly something you’d want to be aware of if you’re flying a drone nearby. Again, the  indicates the ceiling and the floor of the airspace within that ring. Additionally, using the Legend in the Testing Supplement will help greatly in reading the chart. Class D airspace will begin at the ground and extend upward. Just practice. If you’ve ever seen a sectional chart, at first they are very complex and confusing. If they’re absent, then it is the class G airspace. The floor of controlled airspace needs to be in terms of MSL which would be the airport elevation + the start of the Class E airspace … This Chart User's Guide is an introduction to the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) aeronautical charts and publications. These charts emphasize only landmarks and features that would be important to a pilot for navigation during flight. The red arrows in the above picture point to the magenta ring around Indianapolis’ international airport, indicating Class C airspace. These are all pretty self explanatory but I’ll go over them briefly here. Thankfully, with practice and time, you can understand what any symbol represents and how to find more information about it. How to Read a Sectional Chart Over the last few weeks, I’ve been getting a lot of questions about how to read a VFR Sectional Chart. The red arrows in the above picture point … When you see this information on a sectional, it may just look like a jumble of numbers and letters because, sometimes, that’s what it is. The blue arrow is pointing to the dashed magenta ring, which represents that, inside of the ring, Class E airspace goes down to the ground. In addition to the effects of nicotine, the numerous chemicals in cigarette smoke can damage the delicate linings of blood vessels, allowing them to open up and permit better blood flow, researchers theorize it will improve blood supply to function normally. This airport has a lot going on but I’m only going to address one part of this symbol here. Controlled airspacerefers to the airspace defined in 3-dimensional space where air traffic control (ATC) services are provided. You really need to know how to read a sectional chart to do well on the Part 107 exam or renewal. These are really only good for pilots as a landmark or in the event of an emergency. Some of the basic elements of a sectional chart are: A legend is a table consisting of symbols, numbers, colors and what each one of them means. Not all of the symbols on the sectional are as important as the others. In the white box above the Pensacola airspace, it says to contact Pensacola Approach within 20 NM on 118.6. How To Get UIN For Your Drone Through Digital Sky, Drone Pilot Training Schools in India | 2020 Complete List. This is an airport with a control tower as the symbol is blue in color. The red arrow in this next picture (below) shows an airport surrounded by Class D airspace. This airspace can be generally found below class E airspace. The code for Newark Heath airport is “VTA.”. This airport is for public use but has no hard-surfaced runway longer than 1,500 feet. The red rectangle below shows the name of the airport. Thus, let’s break them down into fundamental terms: Class G is specified as uncontrolled airspace. In men with no vascular problems, this poses the little problem as the body quickly produces more to replace it. These are easy points. National Air Traffic Services (NATS) has launched a new flight tracking app for iPads. Thus, to identify a class G airspace, one must first look for signs of any of the 5 controlled classes. Water features like lakes and rivers also show up. These are used by manned pilots as a reference on their way to and from another location, which means that there will be a higher number of VFR pilots flying to/from this location. 16.687. Any drone pilots looking to further their knowledge of the National Airspace System. The tick marks coming out of this airport indicate that the airport has fuel service. Note: Airports are not always depicted in an enclosed circle. For instance, Antenna Towers are crucial symbols that show the height of the obstacle. Don’t expect any fixed wing aircraft here, but this symbol can be very helpful to make you aware of helicopter traffic in the area. This number is rounded off to the nearest 100-foot value and the last two digits are not shown on the map. We will look at the others below. I’ll cover those first and get the remaining symbols after that. While I have an entire section of this guide devoted to airspace, this sectional will outline the markings on a sectional chart that show the types of airspace and their altitudes because this is a really important part of learning how to read a sectional chart. Everything excluding A, B, C, D or E falls under the class G airspace. It is just there for its landmark value and to make sure that pilots don’t land there. The Maximum Elevation Figure (MEF) on a sectional chart tells pilots what is the lowest altitude they can safely fly up to without posing a risk of colliding with objects. I read the free study material online but I don't want to get in trouble." The above picture here covers two variations of Class E airspace. In this example, the ceiling of the Class D airspace is 3,400 mean sea level (MSL). This airspace can be generally found below class E airspace. When learning to fly, one of the first things in your training process includes learning how to read a VFR … Continue reading How to Read a VFR Sectional Chart The red rectangle below shows that the airport has lighting, which is the “L,” but the asterisk indicates that the lighting has limitations, and you should check an airport facility directory to find out more about the limitation. This is a helipad. The first step in learning how to read a sectional chart is studying the sectional legend, pictured below. 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